Influence of Years in Internally Displaced Camp on the Level of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and Anxiety among Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria

Bodisere Juliet Teibowei, Balogun Morakinyo Oladimeji

Abstract


The study examined the influence of years in internally displaced camps on the level of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety among internally displaced persons in Nigeria. A total number of six hundred and ninety-seven participants were selected for the study. Three scales were used to gather data for the study, these include the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder scale which has the reliability coefficient of 0.80, the Hamilton Anxiety scale which has reliability of 0.71, Centre for Epidemiology Studies Depression Screening with reliability of 0.69-0.89. The study tested three hypotheses, which are: years in camp will have a significant influence on the level PTSD among internally displaced persons in Nigeria; years in camp will have a significant influence on the level of depression among internally displaced persons in Nigeria; years in camp will have a significant influence on the level of anxiety among internally displaced persons in Nigeria. Using analysis of variance as tool for data analysis, result showed that PTSD [F (1, 093) = 57.59, p < .0001, partial η2 = .08] was significantly influenced by trauma exposure while depression [F (1, 093) = 2.41, p = .12] and anxiety [F (1, 093) = 1.41, p = .24] were not. The study recommended cognitive behaviour therapy for the internally displaced persons.

Keywords: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Years in Camp


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Copyright (c) 2021 Bodisere Juliet Teibowei, Balogun Morakinyo Oladimeji

Copyright CC BY © European Modern Studies Journal 2017-2021   ISSN 2522-9400

Лицензия Creative Commons


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