Risk Factors Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Inpatients at the General Hospital of Muna Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

  • - Lisnawaty
  • Asnia Zainuddin
  • Wa Ode Widya A.
  • Irma Yunawati
  • Arum Dian Pratiwi


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This study aimed to analyze risk factors of sports activities, carbohydrate intake, and family history towards type 2 diabetes mellitus incidence in inpatients at the General Hospital of Muna Regency. The study used a case-control study design. The population in this study was all inpatients at the General Hospital of Muna Regency in January to September 2019. The samples in this study amounted to 60 samples, namely 30 cases and 30 controls selected by using a purposive sampling technique. The results showed that sports activities (p-value = 0.038, OR = 3.000), carbohydrate intake (p-value = 0.000, OR = 14.000) and family history (p-value = 0.001, OR = 12.250) were risk factors towards type 2 DM. This study concluded that all variables studied were risk factors for the incidence of type 2 DM in DM patients at the General Hospital of Muna Regency. The government and the community should play an active role to reduce the risk and prevent the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Keywords: Type 2 DM, sports activities, carbohydrate intake, family history