Safety Attitudes of Nurses and their Demographics: A basis for Continuous Quality Improvement

  • Richard Dennis Dayrit
  • Zackia Gareeb Al Shammary
  • Noof Rajah Lafih Al Enezi
  • Sini Mariam Jinu
  • Jamila Maleh Al Rashidi
  • Ahmad Tuaysan Al Shammary


This study sought to determine the specific domains of patient safety culture that require improvement in order to provide specific recommendations as part of quality assurance interventions. The researchers employed quantitative-descriptive research. There were 251 nurses resulting from snowball sampling from the tertiary government hospital in Hail City. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage was used. Data gathering commenced from July 09, 2020 to August 20, 2020.  There is a variation on perception of nurses’ on patient safety culture in the different domains.  Of note, the safety climate (69.52 ± 14.63) garnered the highest, followed by teamwork (67.85 ± 14.86); job satisfaction (66.83 ± 16.40); work conditions (64.34 ± 15.46); (5) management perception (62.87 ±16.51); and (6) stress recognition (57.35 ± 20.09).  In terms of positive response rates, the highest rating was obtained in the domain of safety culture (71.43) while the lowest rating was observed in the domain of stress recognition (49.42). Of the safety culture domains, nurses’ perception obtained a rating of 80% and above while the management perception (57.61) and stress recognition (49.42) obtained ratings below 60%.Findings indicate the need to consider the implementation of specific quality assurance-related interventions related to leadership, teamwork, communication, learning, creating a trusting, non-punitive, blame-free error-reporting environment and the use of standardized processes and guidelines geared toward the continuous improvement of patient safety culture.  Keywords: Demographics, nurses, safety Attitudes, continuous Quality Improvement