Job Security and Employee Commitment: A Study of Accredited Private Universities in Anambra State, Nigeria

  • Henry Sonna Ojukwu
  • Onyekachukwu Nsoedo


This study examined the effect of job security on employee commitment utilizing accredited private universities in Anambra State, Nigeria as its focus. The objective of the study is to ascertain the extent to which due process and employee voice affect employee continuance commitment and normative commitment respectively. Relevant theoretical and empirical literatures relating to job security and employee commitment were reviewed. This study was anchored on the social exchange theory. The population of the study comprised of 1,047 employees of the accredited private universities in Anambra State, Nigeria.  Sample size of 289 was derived using Taro Yamane’s formula. Five point Likert scale form of questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The data from the employees of the studied private universities were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient. The result of Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient revealed that due process has a significant influence on employee continuance commitment in private universities in Anambra State, and that employee voice correlated positively with normative commitment. Conclusions and recommendations were made in line with the findings of the study.Keywords: Continuance Commitment, Due Process, Employee Commitment, Employee Voice, Job Security, Normative Commitment