Ethical Leadership Practices of Principals for Goal Attainment in Public Secondary Schools in Anambra State

  • Kingsley K. Obiekwe
  • Glad O. Unachukwu
  • Ifeanyi Francis Ikedimma
  • Obianuju Adaobi Mbonu


The study examined the ethical leadership practices adopted by principals for goal attainment in public secondary schools in Anambra State Nigeria. Four research questions guided the study and four hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted 6,382 teachers in 261 state government owned secondary schools in the six education zones of Anambra State. A sample size of 638 consisting 192 male and 446 female teachers was drawn using multi-stage sampling procedure. A researchers’ developed instrument titled “Principals’ Ethical Leadership Practices Questionnaire” (PELPQ) structured on a four point scale and validated by three experts was used for data collection. The internal consistency of the instrument was ascertained using Cronbach’s Alpha and this yielded reliability coefficients of 0.81, 0.86, 0.79, and 0.77 for the four parts of PELPQ and 0.81 for the entire instrument. Of the 638 copies of the instrument administered, 630 were retrieved and used for the analyses. Mean rating was used to analyze the research questions and t-test for testing the hypotheses. The findings of the study indicated that principals of public secondary schools in Anambra State adopt climatic, communicative, behavioural and decisional ethical leadership practices for goal attainment. Based on the findings, it was recommended that agencies controlling secondary education in the state such as the Ministry of Education and the Post Primary School Service Commission (PPSSC) should create an avenue through which principals who adopt ethical leadership practices in the schools will be encouraged. It was also recommended that secondary school principals should be trained to enable them display ethical leadership practices in the discharge of their administrative functions. This will help create a positive school climate which is an essential component for secondary school goal attainment.Keywords: Leadership, Ethical Leadership, Leadership practices, Goal attainment