Influence of Years in Internally Displaced Camp on the Level of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression and Anxiety among Internally Displaced Persons in Nigeria
AbstractThe study examined the influence of years in internally displaced camps on the level of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety among internally displaced persons in Nigeria. A total number of six hundred and ninety-seven participants were selected for the study. Three scales were used to gather data for the study, these include the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder scale which has the reliability coefficient of 0.80, the Hamilton Anxiety scale which has reliability of 0.71, Centre for Epidemiology Studies Depression Screening with reliability of 0.69-0.89. The study tested three hypotheses, which are: years in camp will have a significant influence on the level PTSD among internally displaced persons in Nigeria; years in camp will have a significant influence on the level of depression among internally displaced persons in Nigeria; years in camp will have a significant influence on the level of anxiety among internally displaced persons in Nigeria. Using analysis of variance as tool for data analysis, result showed that PTSD [F (1, 093) = 57.59, p < .0001, partial η2 = .08] was significantly influenced by trauma exposure while depression [F (1, 093) = 2.41, p = .12] and anxiety [F (1, 093) = 1.41, p = .24] were not. The study recommended cognitive behaviour therapy for the internally displaced persons.Keywords: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, Years in Camp
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