Perceived Causes of Youth Restiveness by Security Personnel in Adamawa State, North Eastern Nigeria

  • Dorcas Oluremi FAREO
  • Bilkisu BABALE


The study examined the perceived causes of youth restiveness by security personnel in Adamawa State, North Eastern Nigeria. Three objectives, three research questions and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study; it was a survey research design. The sample size was 150. A self-developed instrument titled “Perceived Causes of Youth Restiveness by Security Personnel in Adamawa State, North Eastern Nigeria. (PCYASNEN)” was used to collect data. The face and content validity of the instrument was established by an expert in Guidance and Counselling in the Department of Educational Foundations, Adamawa State University Mubi. The test–retest reliability method was adopted and the reliability co-efficient of 0.91 was obtained. Data were analysed using mean, standard deviation and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The study revealed that there was a significant difference among security personnel in their perception of the causes of youth restiveness based on type of agency. Also, gender has little or no influence on the youths' perception of the causes of restiveness which include poverty, marginalization, bad leadership, unemployment and religious intolerance. It was therefore concluded that youth restiveness in Nigeria has constituted a security problem and can endanger the peaceful co-existence of the country, in the same manner conflict and insecurity can be very toxic to the sustainable development of the country. The study therefore recommended among other things that counsellors could organize workshops and seminars in higher institutions to expose youths to the ills of youth restiveness. Also, government should try to create employment for its citizens to reduce the unemployment level which gives rise to kidnapping and other forms of youth restiveness.Keywords: Youth restiveness; security personnel; violence; violation of human rights; corruption and poverty