Principals Administrative Skills for Ensuring Conducive Learning Environments during Covid-19 Pandemics in Secondary Schools in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

  • Ronami J. Ikogi
  • Vincent Akangbou
  • Stella Ayawei


The COVID-19 pandemic has presented an unprecedented crisis for schools around the world. Caught in the eye of this storm, school principals have been responsible for leading their schools through this crisis. This study identified the principals’ administrative skills as most pressing in the early days of the pandemic and how they acted in response. This study examined principals’ administrative skills for ensuring conducive learning environment in secondary schools in Bayelsa State. One (1) research question and hypothesis was answered and tested in the study, respectively. The design of the study was the analytic descriptive survey, with the population as the 192 public secondary schools in Bayelsa State. These schools have a staff strength of 4579 (3,543 – teaching and 1,036 – non-teaching) from where 400 (227 – teaching and 173 – non-teaching) were selected as sample, using the purposive and stratified random sampling techniques. The instrument for data collection was a “Principals’ Administrative Skills Questionnaire (PASQ),” which consists of 10 structured items designed by the researchers and validated by experts. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was obtained using Kudder-Richardson formula (KR21), and a reliability index of 0.83 was obtained and considered appropriate for the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research question, while z-test was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed that principals’ administrative skills for ensuring conducive learning environment during COVID-19 pandemics in Bayelsa State are that principals adequately planned for resumption during COVID-19 by given serious consideration to the available space and resources to cater the stipulated protocols, assigning duties to school members according to their abilities and with the aim to achieve effective coordination, ensuring that the different workgroups are effectively coordinated to achieve the set goals, continuously ensuring that school members are carried along in the decision making process as it has to do with attaining zero COVID-19 case, effectively directing the different work groups to ensure no conflict during the pandemic era, ensuring that all incentives/resources such as provision of hand sanitizer, facemask, and other controls were provided to achieve zero COVID-19 case, adopting a periodic evaluation technique of the staff members to ensure maximum compliance, ensuring that staff personnel administration was maintained during this period, and  adopting a budgetary control practice that adequately catered for the needs of the season. It was therefore recommended that school principals and other stakeholders in school administration should continue to use existing administrative skills in order to ensure conducive learning conditions in schools.Keywords: Principals, administrative skills, pandemics, learning environment, conducive