Sahrawi Conflict and African Decolonization, 1975-2015

  • Michael Ifeanyichukwu Abada
  • Paul Hezekiah Omeh
  • Felix Onyebuchi Uwakwe


This study investigates Sahrawi conflict and African decolonization between 1975 and 2015. Using Economic Internationalism theory, documentary and survey methods, and relying essentially on content analysis, the study examined Morocco’s underlying motivation for invading and occupying Western Sahara in 1975, and why resolution of the conflict and decolonization of the territory has been elusive since 1975. The study contends that Morocco’s economic and political interests in Western Sahara led to the invasion and occupation of the territory in 1975; increased exploitation of Western Sahara’s resources by Morocco and foreign multinational corporations impeded resolution of Sahrawi conflict and decolonization of the territory since 1975. The study finds that divergent aims and interests of the conflicting parties and their supporters in the Sahrawi conflict led to partisanship and polarization of member states within the Security Council, and inability of the United Nations in implementing its resolutions for the decolonization of Western Sahara. Accordingly, the study recommends, among others, that United Nations should remain unified, consistent and resolute in the implementation of its resolutions for quick settlement of the conflict and decolonization of the territory.Keywords: Sahrawi Conflict, Decolonization, Natural Resources, Invasion, Partisanship