Assessment of the Strategies of Resolving Farmers-Pastoralists Conflicts for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Jigawa State, Nigeria
AbstractThe study analyzed the strategies of resolving farmers-pastoralists conflict in Jigawa State. Multi-stage sampling techniques consisting of purposive, snow ball sampling method, cluster sampling and random sampling were used in selecting 75 crop farmers, 75 sedentary pastoralists and 79 migratory pastoralists, who were interviewed using Structured Questionnaire. The analytical tool used was descriptive statistics. Result shows that 73.3% of the farmers were males, 26.7% were females, while all the pastoralists (sedentary and migratory) were males (100%) with mean ages of the farmers, sedentary and migratory pastoralists at 45 years, 47 years and 37 years respectively. The result also revealed that majority of the farmers believed court verdict (66.7%) was the best strategy of conflict resolution. And also sedentary pastoralists (73.3%) and migratory pastoralists (75.9%) generally believed that intervention by traditional leaders was the best strategies of conflict resolution in the study area. To ensure peaceful co-existence and sustainable agricultural development, traditional rulers, farmers unions, herder unions, religious organizations and law enforcement agents should play reconciliatory roles. Government at all levels should empower the above organs to handle effectively resource use conflicts. However, establishment of effective mechanism for settling disputes between farmers and pastoralists will serve as an effective strategy for resolution and management of conflict between the three agricultural land users in Jigawa State and Nigeria at large. Similarly there is need for shifting paradigm from conflict resolution to conflict prevention strategy.Keywords: Strategies, Conflict, Farmers, Sedentary and migratory pastoralists
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