Critical Review on Pathogenesis (Samprapti) and Management of Covid-19 (Abhishanga Jvara) according to Ayurvedic Concepts

  • D.K.R Keerthirathne
  • S.M.S Samarakoon


COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which spread rapidly all over the world at present. People with COVID-19 generally develop signs and symptoms, including mild respiratory symptoms and fever. Most people infected with COVID-19 virus have mild disease and recover. Individuals at highest risk for severe disease and death include people aged over 60 years and others with underlying conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic respiratory disease. According to the Ayurveda literature this disease is known as Abhishanga Jvara which is originated caused by pollution of air, water, land, seasons and effects of sorcery, curses, anger of demons and sinful behavior of people. In this article, for the purpose of understanding of the Ayurvedic concepts of COVID-19 are reviewed under three phases as Stage I for Asymptomatic, Stage II for Upper airway and conducting airway response and Stage III for Hypoxia respectively. When Vayu in normal state, maintains the equilibrium of Dosha, Dhatu and Agni of the body and Prana Vata and Udana Vata are aggravated due to harm full effect of corona Virus and then imbalance the other Pitta and Kapha doshas also indicating symptoms of fever, fatigue, headache etc. Management of COVID-19 are reviewed here according to the basic principles of Jvara and Sannipatha jvara chikithsa which are mentioned in Ayurvedic texts and Sri Lankan traditional texts.Key words: COVID-19, Abhishanga Jvara, fever, fatigue, headache, Sannipatha jvara, chikithsa