A Study on Improving the Planning and Management of Urban Parks in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

  • Bayarmaa Enkhbold
  • Kenichi Matsui


Due to overpopulation and haphazard growth, Ulaanbaatar City, the capital of Mongolia, faces environmental degradation and the shortage of green space. Green space, especially urban park, plays an important role in alleviating the environmental pollution. Today, Ulaanbaatar has only about 6.3 m2 of green space per person, which is much smaller than that in other major cities in the world, although the City government has attempted to increase green space. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the importance of urban parks’ accessibility and their availability in the City. The research is mainly based on a literature review and our questionnaire survey. In order to better understand people’s perceptions about urban parks, we conducted the survey among 301 people. The result shows that 78% of them were willing to visit National Garden Park (N.G.P.), which is the largest park in Ulaanbaatar. The most visitors came from the area within a 2km radius. This means that the distance plays some important roles for visitors in deciding to visit parks.Keywords: urban parks planning, park accessibility and equitable distribution of parks