Aspects of Inflectional Morphology in Urhobo

  • Famous Oghoghophia Imu
  • Lucky Ogheneruemu Ejobee
Keywords: affixation, aspects, inflectional, morphology, Urhobo, language

Abstract

This study investigates aspects of inflectional morphology in the Urhobo language. The study adopts descriptive approach. The work reveals that verbs are inflected in so many ways in the Urhobo language. Therefore, verb inflection is highly productive in Urhob. The study also reveals that prefix and suffix morphemes are affixed to the verb stem to convey the exact information contained in the surface realisation. It also shows that there is no clear distinction between the simple present tense and simple past tense in the language. For instance, He kills the goat – ọ̀ kwe ẹ̀wẹ̀ nà in example 1 and He killed the goat ọ̀ kwe ẹ̀wẹ̀ nà in example 10. It is also reveals that ‘O” is the only constant morpheme that is used to represent he/she in the language. One striking fact about this personal pronoun in the Urhobo language is that “o” is used to refer to male, female and neutral genders. Finally, the process of aspects of inflectional morphology in the Urhobo language is unique. Verb inflection is attained through prefixes and suffixes. This affixation does not alter the grammatical function/ category in the language. For instance, ọ̀ kwe ẹ̀wẹ̀ nà rhẹ̀ {He has killed the goat} justifies this claim.
Published
2022-01-10
Section
Articles