The Relationship of Empathy and Altruism to Motivation to Blood Donation among Omani Students: a Predictive Study

  • Abdulhameed Saeed Hassan
Keywords: empathy, altruism, motivation to blood donation, discriminate analysis, college students

Abstract

Objectives. Different variables related to blood donation among college student donors were studied such as altruism, empathy, demography, and knowledge of blood donation. These variables were mentioned as factors affecting individuals’ motivation to donate blood. This study was to explore the extent to which empathy and major contributed to the variance in motivation to blood donation among a sample of volunteers. Methods. Three validated scales were administered to a total of 353 college students (58 blood donor females, 128 blood donor males, 64 non-donor females and 103 non-donor males) between December 2017 and April 2018, at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in Oman. Results. The findings indicated that both empathy and altruism accounted for 92.1% of variance in motivation. Both variables also discriminated between three levels of blood donation and non-donation on motivation scale. Religious motivation was the highest amongst the other types of motivation as demonstrated by the participants. In addition, there were significant differences between blood donor males and females in motivation and empathy in favor of males, while there were significant differences between male and female non-blood donor males and females in motivation, that is these differences were in favor of males. Additionally, there were no significant differences in motivation to blood donation due to college. Conclusion. These findings support the positive relationship between motivation to blood donation, empathy and altruism, that is significant correlational relationship between motivation to blood donation, empathy and altruism differed according to the type and state of the donation.
Published
2022-01-27
Section
Articles