Utilization of Indigenous Knowledge for Adaptation to Climate Change on Crop Production in Ogun State, Nigeria
AbstractThe study examined the utilization of indigenous knowledge for climate change adaptation on crop production among farmers in Yewa North local government and Abeokuta South local government areas of Ogun state. Data was collected from the sampled population of 360 smallholder farmers in the study area using questionnaires administered on the respondents along with focused group discussion to extract primary data from specific age grade groups. Descriptive analysis was done along with Logistics Regression model to analyze the collected data, while secondary data was extracted from investigative studies on climate change and indigenous knowledge in the sub-Saharan Africa and various parts of the world. The results of analysis showed that farmers in the age range of 40 to 60 years and above were more knowledgeable in terms of local or indigenous knowledge and majority of the custodians have no written records of the various ideas but they were kept in minds and shared orally as the occasion demands at their discretion. The local knowledge indicators for climate change adaptation identified in the study area include plant and animal observations with indicators such as leaf and flower budding in trees like Andasonia digitata (Baobab), Milicia excelsis (Iroko), among others. While animal observation includes emergence of birds like hawks at certain times of the year based on climate and weather changes, movement of migratory birds like Cattle Egrets among others. Statistically, significant effect of the various indigenous knowledge indicators was observed at 0.05 level using Regression model. Recommendations include enhancement of investigative studies on the value on indigenous knowledge in agricultural production and a refocused policy driven approach to integration of indigenous knowledge into existing climate change adaptation approaches and agricultural production in general.
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