Professionalism among Nurses in a Developing Country: A Multisource Feedback
AbstractProfessionalism is a key trait that mirrors the nurses’ approach and facilitates the analysis of their function. It serves as a lead in the practice towards ensuring patient safety and quality care. This study aimed at identifying the level of professionalism among nurses using multisource feedback from nurses themselves, their supervisors and peers. In a cross sectional design, data was collected as self reports from randomly selected sample of 850 registered nurses and as multisource feedback from conveniently selected supervisors and peers using the Nurse Professional Scale (NPS). Results indicate high level of professionalism among nurses. Higher level is seen in communication and interpersonal relations followed by professional responsibility and accountability, nursing practice, value for human being, professional advancement and lowest in management. Mean and standard deviation and paired sample ‘t’ test indicate a significant difference between self and supervisor rating, peer and supervisor rating but not between self and peer rating. ANOVA test show that age, marital status, qualification, employment type, experience and sector of organization are associated with professionalism among nurses but not area of work. NPS can be considered as a valid and reliable tool to measure professionalism. MSF data can be used for self-reflection and as a source of formative feedback for progressive improvement among nurse professionals.
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