Implications of Border Security, Control and Counter-Terrorism within Liboi Border along Mandera County, Kenya

  • Marcelino Roba Dido
  • Antony Nguyi
  • Matthew Theuri
Keywords: border security, counterterrorism, interagency, cross-border


Kenya faces border security issues at Liboi border areas of Mandera County. This study assessed the implications of border security, control and counter-terrorism in Liboi border in Mandera County of Kenya. Specifically, the study explored the influence of government security agencies, security inter-agency coordination, cross-border cooperation, and the influence of criminals’ access to security weapons on counter-terrorism at Liboi border. Descriptive research design was adopted where 64 respondents were sampled using purposive and stratified random sampling techniques. These were law enforcement agencies, CBOs, and the business community. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Quantitative data was analyzed descriptively and inferentially using SPSS computer software while qualitative data was analyzed thematically. The study revealed that cases of terror attacks in Liboi borders have significantly reduced due to enhanced interagency coordination, reduced access to illegal arms, and cross-border cooperation among other strategies. The coefficient of determination R2 was 0.819 for government agencies, 0.727 for interagency coordination, 0.743 for cross-border cooperation, and 0.631 for access to security weapons. Relative calm had returned in the Liboi border area due to aggressive security operations by Kenya’s security agencies. The study recommended border control and security agencies to approach border security issues in a holistic manner.