The Relationship between Utilization of Adolescent Health Care Health Services Program against Student Smoking Incidence Rate at SMAN 49 Jakarta
AbstractBackground. The incident of smoking in Indonesia is still at level 3 Asia. Smoking in the DKI Jakarta area is the highest health problem in adolescents. The government has provided a youth care health service program (PKPR). This program was established in 2003 but not many young people know about the PKPR program. Factors that can indicate the use of the PKPR program are knowledge, attitudes, the role of puskesmas officers, the role of schools, and the role of peer groups. Aim. This study aims to find the relationship between utilization of youth care health care programs (PKPR) on the incidents of smoking in students at SMAN 49. Methods. The method of this research is a quantitative correlative research with cross sectional approach. The sample used in this study amounted to 269 people who were taken using stratified random sampling. The instrument is a questionnaire with analyzed univariate and bivariate analysis chi-square. Results. The result of univariate analysis showed 57.2% of respondents have a good knowledge, 50.6 % of respondents have a good attitude, 52.8% of respondents stated the role of health workers is good, 49.9% of respondents stated the role of schools is good and 54.6% of respondents stated the role of peer groups is good. The result of bivariate analysis showed there are no relationships between knowledge (p-value 0.180), the role of health workers (p-value 0.448), and the role of school (p-value 0.880). There is a relationship between attitude (p-value 0.018) and the role of peer groups (0.000) with the incidents of smoking in students. Conclusions. The role of school officials as stakeholders, and peer groups is needed to be able to socialize the PKPR program to adolescents to increase motivation of adolescents to have healthy behaviors.
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