Is There a Relationship between Daily Exercise and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly? A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Feby Rizqy Sudrajat
  • Raden Siti Maryam
  • Agus Sri Sukoco
  • Santa Manurung
  • Pudjiati
  • Aan Nurhasanah
Keywords: dementia prevention, elderly, physical exercise, risk of dementia


Aging is often followed by health problems, such as the declining of cognitive function. Cognitive decline can lead to dementia which may interrupt to the elderly’s daily activities. Therefore, it is important to understand the risk factors of dementia beforehand as to reduce the risk of it. This study aimed to discover the association between regular exercise and the risk of dementia on a group of older adults in East Jakarta. This study employed the secondary data with quantitative approach and cross-sectional study design. 106 respondents were selected for the study through inclusion and exclusion criteria. The instruments used was Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) to measure the cognitive status of the respondents. All data were analyzed using Chi Square. It was later found that regular exercise (three times a week) did not have significant relationship to the risk of dementia on the elderly (p value = 0.138). However, it was also found that there was a statistically significant relationship between age factor and the risk of dementia (p value = 0.014). Even though the regular exercise is proven to be not having significant relationship to the risk of dementia, having regular exercise is still considered to be good, and may be able to reduce the risk of dementia, if it was combined with other activities such as cognitive stimulation and social activities.