Hepatitis B Virus Occupational Hazards Awareness among Preclinical Health Professional Students in Faculty of Medical Technical Sciences in Sudan 2019

  • A. H Amel
  • M. H Amal
  • A. M Nadia
  • M. F Ahmed


Hepatitis B is an occupational health hazard to health-care workers. The complete knowledge of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission and prevention is indispensable for health professional student. A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted to explore awareness of preclinical health professional students regarding Hepatitis B virus and to assess their knowledge about mode of transmission, signs and symptoms and prevention measures for Hepatitis B infection. The data were gathered from first year Bachelor studied nursing, anesthesia, midwifery, physiotherapy and nutrition and diet therapy students (n=212) from faculty of medical technical sciences at Alzaiem Alazhari university. Convenience sampling technique was done, using self administered questionnaire developed by the researchers. Data were analyzed by statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 22 and the results were expressed in frequency, percentage and chi square test. The level of statistical significance was set at p< 0.05. The finding regarding basic knowledge of students revealed that 163 (76.9%) was infectious, 192(90.6%) aware that hepatitis B consider risk for health personnel dealing with infectious patients and 127(59.9%) cause by virus. Most of them 188(88.7%) said that it transmitted through blood transfusion. According to signs and symptoms 142(67.0%) fever, 130(61.3%) loss of appetite, 114(53.8%) nausea, vomiting and jaundice and only 52(24.3%) of them think patients was a symptomatic. Regarding prevention of HBV by wearing protective personal equipments two third 138(65.1%) was lacking knowledge. Availability of vaccine is fact appreciated by 187 (88.2%) of them and 169(79.7%) can be through screening blood donor. Majority of them 188 (88.7%) were not vaccinated with P. value (0.000). the study concluded that awareness and knowledge of the health professionals students regarding hepatitis B virus was good in general but inadequate and incomplete in many aspects, so health professionals Students should complete an infection control training before they start their clinical education.Keywords: Hepatitis B virus, awareness, preclinical health professional’s student